Bensimon, David B.
California NanoSystems Institute
Dr. David Bensimon a world-leading biophysicist and a 2007 Regent's Professor in our department, has been appointed as professor in the Physical Chemistry Division and will be teaching and carrying out research at UCLA for one quarter each year. David received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1986, where he completed his thesis on the theory of Chaos and Pattern Formation under the guidance of Leo Kadanoff. As a recipient of a Weizmann Fellowship, he pursued post-doctoral research at Bell Laboratories and then at the Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS), in Paris. In 1988 he accepted a permanent position at the ENS in the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), where he currently holds the position of Directeur de Recherche.
At the ENS David established a small experimental team that investigated instabilities in hydrodynamics and phospholipid membranes. With his post-doc, M. Mutz, and his student, X. Michalet, he discovered a new class of phospholipid vesicles -- vesicles of non-spherical topology, work for which they received the 1997 Vinci of Excellence Award. At the same time David began investigations in biophysics and in 1992, he and his brother, Aaron focused on the study of the elastic properties of single DNA molecules. While attempting to bind DNA specifically to surfaces, they discovered Molecular Combing, the process by which DNA molecules anchored to a surface are aligned by a receding meniscus. The Bensimon brothers received the 1994 Jacques Monod Prize for this work, an award by the Fondation de France to young scientists who have made significant research advances in the early years of their careers.
In 1995 David shifted his research focus to the study of the elastic properties of DNA. While a number of researchers had been pulling/stretching single DNA molecules, David recognized that since the structure of DNA is a double helix, twisting it should be biologically more informative and relevant. To that purpose he invented the Magnetic Trap, a tool that allowed him to pull and twist individual DNA molecules. This has enabled him to study, at the single-molecule level, the interactions between DNA and topoisomerases (enzymes that modify the topology of a DNA molecule, relieving torsional stress that builds up during transcription and replication). This influential series of fundamental and ground-breaking experiments, carried out with his colleague V. Croquette, earned him the Special Prize of the French Physical Society.
David has since broadened his interests to study a variety of increasingly more biological systems: DNA polymerases, helicases, regulation factors, and chromatin remodeling factors, etc. His group is presently engaged in forays in three novel directions: a coupling between single-molecule manipulation and fluorescent visualization, studies of evolution in bacteria, and the development of photo-activatable regulation factors. Very recently David has made considerable progress towards optically controlling the activity of any protein/enzyme in a single cell of the zebra fish. This work is poised to revolutionize the field of developmental biology.
Honors & Awards
- UCLA Regent's Professor
- ICAM ICAM Fellow
- KITP- UCSB